|Title||Toxic industrial chemicals and chemical weapons: exposure, identification, and management by syndrome.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Authors||Tomassoni AJ, French RNE, Walter FG|
|Journal||Emerg Med Clin North Am|
|Date Published||2015 Feb|
|Keywords||Chemical Warfare Agents, Disaster Planning, Disease Management, Emergency Service, Hospital, Environmental Exposure, Hazardous Substances, Humans, poisoning|
Toxidromes aid emergency care providers in the context of the patient presenting with suspected poisoning, unexplained altered mental status, unknown hazardous materials or chemical weapons exposure, or the unknown overdose. The ability to capture an adequate chemical exposure history and to recognize toxidromes may reduce dependence on laboratory tests, speed time to delivery of specific antidote therapy, and improve selection of supportive care practices tailored to the etiologic agent. This article highlights elements of the exposure history and presents selected toxidromes that may be caused by toxic industrial chemicals and chemical weapons. Specific antidotes for toxidromes and points regarding their use, and special supportive measures, are presented.
|Alternate Journal||Emerg. Med. Clin. North Am.|
Toxic industrial chemicals and chemical weapons: exposure, identification, and management by syndrome.
Robert N.E. French, MD, MPH
Frank G. Walter, MD, FACEP, FACMT, FAACT