Epidemiology of elevated blood pressure in the ED.

TitleEpidemiology of elevated blood pressure in the ED.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsAdhikari S, Mathiasen R
JournalAm J Emerg Med
Date Published2014 Nov
ISSN Number1532-8171
KeywordsAcademic Medical Centers, Adult, Age Factors, Aged, Demography, Emergency Service, Hospital, Female, Humans, Hypertension, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and demographics of elevated blood pressure (BP) in emergency department (ED) patients.

METHODS: Retrospective study at an academic ED. ED patients with any systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥90mm Hg over a 1-year period were included. Data pertaining to frequency of elevated BP across different ethnic categories, age groups, days of the week, shifts, and gender were collected.

RESULTS: A total of 44435 patient records were accessed. Overall 47.6% (95% CI, 47.2%-48.1%) of patients had elevated BP (SBP ≥140mm Hg or DBP ≥90mm Hg). Fifty three percent (95% CI, 52%-54%) were women. Among patients with elevated BP, 18% (95% CI, 17.8%-18.9%) had severe BP elevation (SBP ≥180 or DBP ≥110). Overall, patients >45years old were more likely to have elevated BP in ED. Across all ethnic groups, BP increased with age. Significant differences were noted in the prevalence of elevated BP between whites (52%), and other ethnic groups (African Americans [45%] and Hispanics [31%]) (P < .01). Overall, 64% (95% CI, 63.3%-64.6%) of patients with elevated BP were discharged from the ED. Forty four percent (95% CI, 42.4%-45.5%) of patients with severe BP elevation were also discharged from the ED.

CONCLUSIONS: This study provides knowledge of distribution of elevated BP among different age, gender and ethnic groups in the ED which can be used to develop specific interventions to improve recognition, prevention, detection, and treatment of hypertension.

Alternate JournalAm J Emerg Med
PubMed ID25217420
Faculty Reference: 
Srikar Adhikari, MD, MS, FACEP