Amplitude-spectral area and chest compression release velocity independently predict hospital discharge and good neurological outcome in ventricular fibrillation out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

TitleAmplitude-spectral area and chest compression release velocity independently predict hospital discharge and good neurological outcome in ventricular fibrillation out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsIndik JH, Conover Z, McGovern M, Silver AE, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Kern KB
JournalResuscitation
Volume92
Pagination122-8
Date Published2015 Jul
ISSN Number1873-1570
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: In out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with ventricular fibrillation (VF) the frequency-based waveform characteristic, amplitude-spectral area (AMSA) is associated with hospital discharge and good neurological outcome, yet AMSA is also known to increase in response to chest compressions (CC). In addition to rate and depth, well performed CC provides good chest recoil without leaning, reflected in the release velocity (RV). We hypothesized that AMSA is associated with hospital discharge and good neurological outcome independent of CC quality.

METHODS: OHCA patients (age ≥ 18), with initial rhythm of VF from an Utstein-Style database were analyzed. AMSA was measured prior to each shock, and averaged for each subject (AMSA-avg). Primary endpoint was hospital discharge and secondary endpoint was a good neurological outcome. Univariate and stepwise multivariable logistic regression, and receiver-operator-characteristic (ROC) analyses were performed. Factors analyzed were age, sex, witnessed status, time from dispatch to monitor/defibrillator application, number of shocks, first shock AMSA (AMSA1), AMSA-avg, averaged pre-shock pause, CC rate, depth, and RV.

RESULTS: 140 subjects were analyzed. Hospital discharge was 31% and with good neurological outcome in 24% (77% of those discharged). AMSA-avg (p < 0.001), RV (p = 0.002), and age (p = 0.029) were independently associated with hospital discharge, with a non-significant trend for witnessed status (p = 0.069), with AUC = 0.846 for the multivariate model. For good neurological outcome, AMSA-avg (p = 0.001) and RV (p = 0.001) remained independently significant, with AUC = 0.782.

CONCLUSION: In OHCA with an initial rhythm of VF, AMSA-avg and CC RV are both highly and independently associated with hospital discharge and good neurological outcome.

DOI10.1016/j.resuscitation.2015.05.002
Alternate JournalResuscitation
PubMed ID25976409
Faculty Reference: 
Daniel W. Spaite, MD