Cardiac arrest is a leading cause of fatality and long-term disability worldwide. Recent advances in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), many of which have been pioneered at the University of Arizona, have dramatically improved survival rates around the world.
The Arizona Emergency Medicine Research Center (AEMRC) has successfully implemented several strategies that have dramatically increased cardiac arrest survival in the United States, including improving the quality of CPR training and the rate of bystander CPR. Now AEMRC is sharing these strategies with emergency medical leaders in countries like China and India through its innovative International Visiting Scholar Program.
Emergency medical professionals from all over the world took part in the Arizona Emergency Medicine Research Center’s latest CPR University, a high-intensity training where participants learned the latest techniques in saving lives.
The Arizona Emergency Medicine Research Center – Tucson was one of 110 sites for a clinical trial on a multicenter randomized trial, the ATACH II, to definitively determine the efficacy of early intensive antihypertensive treatment in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage.
The UA DEM was the first among 18 sites in the U.S. to enroll a patient for the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) study “Application of Transcriptional Signatures for Diagnosis of Febrile Infants (BioSigs II).”
The chances of surviving heat stroke are only 50 percent, says Dr. Sam Keim, so if you must be outdoors, it's critically important to have access to shade or air conditioning.
The multicenter study showed the time it takes for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients to regain consciousness varies widely and is longer than many had thought. Thousands of lives each year across the country could be saved by simply giving cardiac arrest victims more time to awaken in the hospital.
Researchers from the UA Departments of Medical Imaging, Emergency Medicine, Surgery, and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, found MRI is effective in assessing appendicitis in children and younger adults with acute lower quadrant pain, according to a study published in Radiology.
“These outcomes demonstrate that it is feasible to save lives from cardiac arrest through implementing and measuring this key intervention of Telephone-CPR instructions delivered by 9-1-1 dispatchers,” said UA Emergency Medicine researcher Dr. Bentley J. Bobrow.
Each year at the UA Department of Emergency Medicine Resident Research Forum, EM residents give oral presentations followed by a question and answer period on research projects they have worked on as part of the department’s ScholarQuest program. The department was extremely honored to have nationally renowned Richard M. Ruddy, MD, as the keynote speaker.
Joe G.N. “Skip” Garcia, MD, and Bentley J. Bobrow, MD, FACEP, FAHA, made Phoenix Magazine’s list of the top 25 most influential people involved in Phoenix health care.
Two UA Department of Emergency Medicine research presentations received honors at the 19th Annual Western Regional Meeting of the Society of Academic Emergency Medicine in April.
By identifying bacterial from non-bacterial infections, researchers hope to develop a precise diagnostic test that allows for less invasive, more accurate and timely evaluation and diagnosis of young infants in the emergency department.
Samuel M. Keim, MD, MS, has been elected to the board of directors of the American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM). Dr. Keim is professor and chair of the University of Arizona Department of Emergency Medicine, director of the University of Arizona Emergency Medicine Research Center (AEMRC) and professor in the Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at the UA Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health. Dr. Keim practices clinically at Banner – University Medical Center Tucson and Banner – UMC South.
Harvey Meislin, MD, professor and former chair of the UA Department of Emergency Medicine received the 2016 Association of Academic Chairs of Emergency Medicine (AACEM) Lifetime Achievement Award annual retreat dinner Feb. 22 in Tempe. Presenting the award is Gregory Volturo, MD, president of the AACEM.
AEMRC researchers received the Best Scientific Presentation Award at the January 2016 National Association of EMS Physicians (NAEMSP) Annual Scientific Meeting in San Diego for their Excellence in Prehospital Injury Care (EPIC) study.
Although survival rates for people who suffer cardiac arrest outside a hospital are extremely low in most places, emergency physicians propose three interventions to improve survival rates and functional outcomes in any community and urge additional federal funding for cardiac resuscitation research in an editorial published online last Wednesday in Annals of Emergency Medicine (“IOM Says Times to Act to Improve Cardiac Arrest Survival … Here’s How”). "As a nation, we are falling far short in our efforts to improve survival for this exquisitely time-sensitive medical emergency," said Dr. Bentley J. Bobrow, professor of emergency medicine at the UA College of Medicine.
Kurt Denninghoff, MD, is a co-investigator on a $1.15 million grant from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke to develop a brain scanning technique to reveal secrets of the mind.
Drs. Aaron Leetch and Bryan Wilson, UA emergency medicine, describe the initial assessment of children with severe asthma exacerbation and provide an outline and suggested hierarchy of medications and treatment strategies for stabilization, with intubation as a last resort in an article published in Pediatric Emergency Medicine Reports.
The award recognizes Dr. Meislin’s leadership and mentoring in the specialty of emergency medicine.
Every five years, the American Heart Association updates its CPR guidelines. Two UA faculty members contributed to the development of the recently released 2015 Guidelines for CPR & ECC.