Point-of-care echocardiography in simulation-based education and assessment.

TitlePoint-of-care echocardiography in simulation-based education and assessment.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsAmini R, Stolz LA, Javedani PP, Gaskin K, Baker N, Ng V, Adhikari S
JournalAdv Med Educ Pract
Date Published2016
ISSN Number1179-7258

BACKGROUND: Emergency medicine milestones released by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education require residents to demonstrate competency in bedside ultrasound (US). The acquisition of these skills necessitates a combination of exposure to clinical pathology, hands-on US training, and feedback.

OBJECTIVES: We describe a novel simulation-based educational and assessment tool designed to evaluate emergency medicine residents' competency in point-of-care echocardiography for evaluation of a hypotensive patient with chest pain using bedside US.

METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at an academic medical center. A simulation-based module was developed to teach and assess the use of point-of-care echocardiography in the evaluation of the hypotensive patient. The focus of this module was sonographic imaging of cardiac pathology, and this focus was incorporated in all components of the session: asynchronous learning, didactic lecture, case-based learning, and hands-on stations.

RESULTS: A total of 52 residents with varying US experience participated in this study. Questions focused on knowledge assessment demonstrated improvement across the postgraduate year (PGY) of training. Objective standardized clinical examination evaluation demonstrated improvement between PGY I and PGY III; however, it was noted that there was a small dip in hands-on scanning skills during the PGY II. Clinical diagnosis and management skills also demonstrated incremental improvement across the PGY of training.

CONCLUSION: The 1-day, simulation-based US workshop was an effective educational and assessment tool at our institution.

Alternate JournalAdv Med Educ Pract
PubMed ID27330339
PubMed Central IDPMC4896462
Faculty Reference: 
Srikar Adhikari, MD, MS
Richard Amini, MD
Vivienne Ng, MD, MPH