Publications

Refereed Journal Articles: Full-Length Publications

Cone DC, Lerner EB, Band RA, Renjilian C, Bobrow BJ, Mechem CC, Carter AJE, Kupas DF, Spaite DW:  Prehospital care and new models of regionalization. Academic Emerg Med 2010;17:1337-1345. 

Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, Berg RA, Stolz U, Sanders AB, Kern K, Vadeboncoeur T, Clark L, Gallagher J, Stapczynski JS, LoVecchio F, Mullins T, Humble W, Ewy GA:  Chest Compression-Only CPR by Lay Rescuers and Survival From Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  JAMA 2010;304 (13):1447-1454. 

Bobrow BJ, Vadeboncoeur TF, Spaite DW, Potts J, Denninghoff K, Chikani V, Brazil PR, Ramsey B, Abella B:  The Effectiveness of Ultra-Brief and Brief Educational Videos for Training Lay Responders in Hands-Only™ Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation:  Implications for the Future of Citizen CPR Training.  Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes.  2011;4:220-226.

Beskind DL, Keim SM, Spaite DW, Garrison HG, Lerner EB, Howse D, Maio RF:  Risk Adjustment Measures and Outcome Measures for Prehospital Trauma Research:  Recommendations from the Emergency Medical Services Outcomes Project (EMSOP).  Academic Emerg Med. 2011;18(9):988-1000. 

Silbergleit R, Durkalski V, Lowenstein D, Conwit R, Pancioli A, Palesch Y, Barsan W, for the NETT Investigators:  Intramuscular versus Intravenous Therapy for Prehospital Status Epilepticus.  N Engl J Med. 2012;366 (7):591-600. 

Lang ES, Spaite DW, Oliver ZJ, Gotschall CS, Swor RA, Dawson DE, Hunt RC:  A National Model for Developing, Implementing, and Evaluating Evidence-Based Guidelines for Prehospital Care.  Academic Emerg Med. 2012;19:201-209. 

Lerner EB, Garrison HG, Nichol G, Maio RF, Lookman HA, Sheahan WD, Franz TR, Austad JD, Ginster AM, Spaite DW:  An Economic Toolkit for Identifying the Cost of EMS Systems:  Detailed Methodology of the EMS Cost Analysis Project (EMSCAP).  Academic Emerg Med.  2012;19(2):210-216. 

DeLuca LA, Simpson A, Beskind D, Grall K, Stoneking L, Stolz U, Spaite DW, Panchal A, Denninghoff KD:  Analysis of Automated External Defibrillator Device Failures Reported to the Food and Drug Administration.  Ann Emerg Med.  2012;59(2):103-111. 

Cudnik MT, Sasson C, Rea TD, Sayre MR, Zhang J, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, McNally B, Denninghoff K, Stolz U:  Increasing Hospital Volume is Not Associated with Improved Survival in Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest of Cardiac Etiology.  Resuscitation.  2012;83(7):862-868. 

Gaither JB, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Denninghoff KR, Stolz U, Beskind DL, Meislin HW.  Balancing the Potential Risks and Benefits of Out-of-Hospital Intubation in Traumatic Brain Injury:  The Intubation/Hyperventilation Effect. Ann Emerg Med. 2012; December. 60(6) 732-736. (DOI: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.06.017)

McMullan JT, Pinnawin A, Jones E, Denninghoff K, Siewart N, Spaite DW, Zaleski E, Silbergleit R, on behalf of the Neurological Emergencies Treatment Trials investigators.  The 60-Day Temperature-Dependent Degradation of Midazolam and Lorazepam in the Prehospital Environment.  Prehospital Emergency Care 2013;17:1-7.  doi: 10.3109/10903127.2012.722177. 

Roosa JR, Vadeboncoeur TF, Dommer PB, Panchal AR, Venuti M, Smith G, Silver A, Mullins M, Spaite D, Bobrow BJ:  CPR variability during ground ambulance transport of patients in cardiac arrest.  Resuscitation. 2013 May;84(5):592-5.

Panchal AR, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, Berg RA, Stolz U, Vadeboncoeur TF, Sanders AB, Kern KB, Ewy GA:  Chest Compression-only Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Performed by Lay Rescuers for Adult Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest Due to Non-cardiac Aetiologies.  Resuscitation. 2013 Apr;84(4):435-9.

Vadeboncoeur T, Stolz U, Panchal A, Silver A, Venuti M, Tobin J, Smith G, Nunez M, Karamooz M, Spaite D, Bobrow BChest compression depth and survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.  Resuscitation. 2014;85:182-188. doi:pii: S0300-9572(13)00769-7. 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2013.10.002.

Bobrow BJ, Vadeboncoeur TF, Stolz U, Silver AE, Tobin JM, Crawford SA, Mason TK, Schirmer J, Smith GA, Spaite DW:  The Influence of Scenario-based Training and Real-time Audiovisual Feedback on Prehospital Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality and Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Ann Emerg Med. 2013 Jul;62(1):47-56.e1.

Thomas SH, Brown KM, Oliver ZJ, Spaite DW, Lawner BJ, Weik TS, Falck-Ytter Y, Wright JL, Lang ES:  An evidence-based guideline for the air medical transportation of trauma patients.  Prehosp Emerg Care. 2014;18(S1):35-44. (doi: 10.3109/10903127.2013.844872)

Moon S, Bobrow BJ, Vadeboncoeur TF, Kortuem W, Kisakye M, Sasson C, Stolz, U, Spaite DW:  Disparities in Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Provision and Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest According to Neighborhood Ethnicity.  Am J Emerg Med, 2014.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2014.06.019

Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Stolz U, Berg RA, Sanders AB, Kern KB, Chikani V, Humble W, Mullins T, Stapczynski JS, Ewy GA.  Statewide Regionalization of Emergency Medical Services and Hospital Care for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest:  Association with Improved Outcomes.  Ann Emerg Med. 2014.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2014.05.028

McMullan J, Jones E, Barnhart B, Denninghoff K, Spaite D, Zaleski D, Silbergleit R:  Degradation of Benzodiazepines After 120-Days of EMS Deployment.  Prehosp Emerg Care 2014;18(3):368-374. 

Conover Z, Kern KB, Silver AE, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, Indik JH:  Resumption of Chest Compressions Following Successful Defibrillation and Risk for Recurrence of Ventricular Fibrillation in Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2014;7:633-639. DOI: 10.1161/CIRCEP.114.001506.

Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Stolz U, Sherrill D, Chikani V, Barnhart B, Sotelo M, Gaither JB, Viscusi C, Adelson PD, Denninghoff KR.  Evaluation of the Impact of Implementing the EMS Traumatic Brain Injury Guidelines in Arizona: The Excellence In Prehospital Injury Care (EPIC) Study Methodology.  Academic Emerg Med.  2014;21:818-830. 

Gaither JB, Spaite DW, Stolz U, Ennis J, Mosier J, Sakles J.  Prevalence of Difficult Airway Predictors in Cases of Failed Prehospital Endotracheal Intubation.  J Emerg Med. 2014;47 (3):294-300. 

Indik JH, Conover Z, McGovern M, Silver AE, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Kern KB:  Association of Amplitude-Spectral Area of the VF Waveform with Survival from Out-of-Hospital Ventricular Fibrillation Cardiac Arrest.  J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 (In Press) 

Safdar B, Stolz U, Stiell IG, Cone, DC, Bobrow BJ, deBoer M, Dreyer J, Maloney J, Spaite DW:  Differential Survival for Men and Women from Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) Varies by Age - Results from the OPALS Study.  Academic Emerg Med. 2014 (In Press)

Panchal AR, Meziabb O, Stolz U, Anderson W, Bartlett M, Spaite DW, Bobrow B, Kern KB:  The impact of ultra-brief chest compression-only CPR video training on responsiveness, compression rate, and hands-off time interval among bystanders in a shopping mall.  Resuscitation. 2014 (in press).

Abstracts

Geyer B, Vadeboncoeur T, Spaite DW, Sanders AB, Clark L, Chikani V, Mullins M, Bobrow BJ. The association between cardiac arrest center patient volume and survival in a statewide post-cardiac arrest care system.  Prehosp Emerg Care.  2010;14(Suppl 1):1-56.

Geyer B, Vadeboncoeur T, Sanders A, Buttram S, Clark L, Spaite D, Bobrow B, Kern K. Bypassing Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients to Specialty Centers Results in Improved Survival. Academic Emerg Med 2010;17(S1):S143.

Geyer BC, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, Mullins T, Sanders AB, Vadeboncoeur TF, Clark LL, Kern KB, Berg RA, Ewy GA:  Survival Improves after County-wide Implementation of a Regionalized Post-Arrest Care System.  Acad Emerg Med 2010;17(5 Suppl. 1):S1-S205. 

Roosa J, Vadeboncoeur T, Geyer B, Spaite DW, Panchal A, Sanders AB, Bobrow BJ, Kern K:  Prevalence of Cardiac Catheterization and Outcomes from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in a Consortium of Cardiac Receiving Centers.  Circulation 2010;122:A44. 

Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, Geyer B, Panchal A, Mullins T, Kern K, Sanders AB, Ewy GA:  The Impact of a Statewide, Comprehensive System of Care on Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Circulation 2010;122(21):A36.

Bobrow BJ, Vadeboncoeur T, Spaite DW, Potts J, Denninghoff K, Chikani V, Brazil P, Ramsey B, Abella B:  The Effectiveness of Ultra-Brief and Brief Educational Videos for Training Lay Responders in Hands-Only™ Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Implications for the Future of Citizen CPR Training.  Circulation 2010;122(21):A114. 

McCarty K, Nichol G, Chikani V, Bunis J, Roosa J, Spaite DW, Mullins M, Bobrow BJ: Early Withdrawal of Post-Arrest Care after Therapeutic Hypothermia in Victims of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Circulation 2010;122(21):A232. 

Panchal A, Stolz U, Spaite DW, Sanders AB, Kern KB, Ewy GA, Bobrow BJ: The Impact of Hands-Only CPR by Bystanders on Survival in Adult Victims of Out-of-Hospital Arrest Caused by Non-cardiac Etiologies.  Circulation 2010;122(21):A86. 

Bobrow BJ, Vadeboncoeur TF, Spaite DW, Potts J, Denninghoff K,  Chikani V, Brazil PR, Ramsey B, Abella B:  Impact of brief or ultra-brief Hands-Only CPR video training on the confidence of lay citizens to perform CPR.  Resuscitation 2010:81(2)(suppl1):S96. 

Bourn S, Stolz U, Gaither J, Denninghoff K, Spaite D:  The relationships between ambulance crew configuration, EMS on-scene interval, procedural performance, and the Rapid Acute Physiology Score (RAPS) in adult EMS patients.  Prehospital Emerg Care 2011;15(1):129. 

Bourn S, Spaite D, Stolz U, Beskind D, Gaither J, Denninghoff K:  The Relationship between EMS Response Interval, ALS Interventions, and the Rapid Acute Physiology Score (RAPS) in Adult EMS Patients.  Prehospital Emerg Care 2011;15(1):128-129. 

Geyer BC, Spaite DW, Stolz U, Panchal A, Vadeboncoeur TF, Mullins T, Sanders AB, Mullins MJ, Gallagher J, Ewy GA, Bobrow BJ:  The Impact of a Statewide Comprehensive System of Care on Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Prehospital Emerg Care 2011;15(1):104-137. 

Crawford S, Venuti M, Mason T, Walka P, Smith G, Mullins M, Silver A, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW:  Prehospital Chest Compression Quality is Improved with Scenario Based Training and Use of Novel Defibrillator Technology.  Prehospital Emerg Care 2011;15(1):104-137. 

Spaite DW, Crawford S, Venuti M, Mason T, Walka P, Smith G, Silver A, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ:  The Impact of Scenario-based Training and Real-time Technology Feedback on CPR Quality and Survival from Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Academic Emerg Med 2011;18:S110-S111 (Suppl 1). 

Bourn S, Stolz U, Beskind DI, Spaite DW:  Ambulance Crew Configuration:  Associations With Prehospital Management and Clinical Parameters in a Multi-system Analysis of Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Academic Emerg Med 2011;18:S111-S112 (Suppl 1).

Cudnik MT, Rea TD, Sasson C, Sayre MR, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, McNally B, Denninghoff K, Stolz U:  Hospital Volume and Survival in Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Academic Emerg Med 2011;18:S63 (Suppl 1). 

Bourn S, Stolz U, Spaite DW:  The Relationship Between the Rapid Acute Physiology Score (RAPS), Prehospital CPAP, and Advanced Life Support Interventions.  West J Emerg Med 2011 (in press). 

Bourn S, Stolz U, Beskind DL, Spaite DW:  Ambulance Crew Configuration: Associations with Prehospital Management and Clinical Parameters in a Multi-system Analysis of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  West J Emerg Med 2011

Bourn S, Gaither JB, Stolz U, Spaite DW:  Clinical and Demographic Attributes Among Critically Ill and Injured Patients Receiving Prehospital Intraosseous Infusion: a Multi-system Analysis.  West J Emerg Med 2011

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Silver AE, Kaufman CL, Smith G, Venuti M, Mullins M, Bobrow BJ, Ewy G:  The Association Between End-Tidal CO2 and CPR Quality Metrics in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Resuscitation 2011;82(suppl 1):S4. 

Panchal AR, Vadeboncoeur TF, Stolz U, Spaite DW, Berg RA, Sanders AB, Kern KB, Welch A, Bobrow BJ, Ewy GA, SHARE Study Group: Ability of Bystanders to Appropriately Provide Rescue Breathing in the Setting of a Chest Compression-Only CPR Campaign for Sudden Cardiac Arrest. Circulation 2011;124:A64.

Roosa JR, Spaite DW, Panchal AR, Stolz U, Vadeboncoeur TF, Silver A, Mullins MJ, Kern KB, Bobrow BJ, Ewy GA:  Body Weight-Related Adjustments to Chest Compression Depth by EMS Providers during Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Circulation 2011;124(21 supplement):A75. 

Panchal AR, Vadeboncoeur TF, Stolz U, Roosa JR, Berg RA, Ewy GA, Mullins MJ, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW:  Impact of an AHA Guideline-Based, Statewide Post-Arrest System of Care on Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Circulation 2011;124(21 supplement):A. 

Roosa JR, McCarty K, Kitamura B, Page R, Dommer PD, Silver A, Panchal AR, LoVecchio F, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ:  CPR Quality in an Urban Teaching Hospital Emergency Department: Are 2010 AHA Guidelines Being Implemented?  Circulation 2011;124(21 supplement):A218. 

Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, Stolz U, Panchal AR, Vadeboncoeur TF, Silver A, Pyers K, Venuti M, Smith G, Ewy GA:  Achieving the 2010 AHA Guideline Metrics for CPR Quality is Associated with Improved Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Circulation 2011;124(21 supplement):A208. 

Roosa JR, Spaite DW, Stoltz U, Smith G, Silver A, Tobin J, Venuti M, Bobrow BJ.  The Association Between End-Tidal CO2 and CPR Quality Metrics in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Prehospital Emergency Care. 2012;16(1):A112. 

Roosa JR, Spaite DW, Panchal AR, Stolz U, Vadeboncoeur TF, Silver A, Kern KB, Bobrow BJ, Ewy GA.  Body Weight-Related Adjustments to Chest Compression Depth by EMS Providers During Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Prehospital Emergency Care. 2012;16(1):A130. 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sotelo M, Gaither J, Viscusi C, Harden D, Denninghoff KR:  The Association Between Prehospital Glasgow Coma Scale and Trauma Center Outcomes in Victims of Moderate and Severe TBI:  At Statewide Trauma System Analysis.  Brain Injury 2012;26(4–5):611. 

Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Stolz U, Gaither J, Sherrill D, Viscusi C, Denninghoff K:  Before-After Cohort Model for Evaluating the Impact of Implementing the Prehospital Guidelines for Severe TBI in a Statewide EMS System:  The EPIC Study.  Brain Injury 2012;26(4–5):451. 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sotelo M, Gaither JB, Viscusi C, Harden D, Denninghoff KR:  The Association Between Prehospital Glasgow Coma Scale and Trauma Center Outcomes in Victims of Moderate and Severe TBI:  At Statewide Trauma System Analysis.  Academic Emerg Med 2012 (in press). 

Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Denninghoff KR, Gaither J, Viscusi C, Stolz U:  An EMS Agency-Public Health-University Partnership Model for the Human Subjects Approach to Evaluating the Implementation of Prehospital Evidence-Based Guidelines.  Academic Emerg Med 2012 (in press). 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Murphy RA, Karamooz M, Silver A, Tobin J, Mullins T, Ewy GA, Bobrow BJ:  Correlations Between CPR Quality Metrics and End-Tidal CO2 in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Resuscitation 2012;83:e9.  doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2012.08.024

Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Stolz U, Chikani V, Humble W, Mullins T, Mullins M, Stapczynski JS, Kern K, Ewy GA:  System-wide Regionalization of EMS and Hospital Care for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest:  Association with Improved Survival and Neurologic Outcomes.  Resuscitation 2012;83:e19.  doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2012.08.048

McCarty K, Roosa J, Kitamura B, Page R, Roque P, Silver A, Spaite DW, Stolz U, Vadeboncoeur T, Bobrow B:  Ventilation Rates and Tidal Volumes During Emergency Department Cardiac Resuscitation.  Resuscitation 2012;83:e45. 

Stolz U, Murphy RA, Panchal A, Silver A, Vadeboncoeur T, Welch A, Nunez M, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW:  The Effect of CPR Quality on Survival and Neurological Outcome after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Circulation 2012;126:A130. 

Dameff C, Tully J, Murphy RA, Dunham A, Panczyk M, Stolz U, Tobin J, Karamooz M, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Ewy GA:  The Impact of the AHA Guidelines on Dispatch-Assisted Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.  Circulation 2012;126:A247. 

Murphy RA, Dunham A, Tully J, Dameff C, Panczyk M, Wasick D, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ: Primary Reasons Bystanders Do Not Perform CPR When Receiving Dispatcher Instructions.  Circulation 2012;126:A274. 

Tully J, Dameff C, Murphy RA, Dunham A, Panczyk M, Stolz U, Tobin J, Kotsur B, Karamooz M, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  A Standardized Template for Measuring and Reporting Dispatch Pre-arrival CPR.  Resuscitation Science Symposium, American Heart Association Annual Meeting.  Circulation 2012;126:A242. 

Vadeboncoeur T, Murphy RA, Tobin J, Venuti M, Spaite DW, Karamooz M, Silver A, Roque P, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ:  The Association of Preshock Pause and Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Circulation 2012;126:A135. 

Roosa J, Kitamura B, McCarty K, Page R, Roque P, Silver A, Spaite DW, Stolz U, Vadeboncoeur T, Bobrow BJ:  Does Chest Compression-Only CPR Provide Meaningful Gas Exchange in Humans?  Circulation 2012;126:A281. 

Murphy RA, Spaite DW, Stolz U, Smith G, Silver A, Karamooz M, Mullins M, Tobin J, Bobrow BJ:  Evaluation of End-Tidal CO2 Levels Before, During, and After Return of Spontaneous Circulation in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Prehospital Emergency Care 2013;17(1):106-107. 

Spaite DW, Chikani V, Bobrow BJ, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Denninghoff KR, Gaither JB, Viscusi C, Adelson DP, Sherrill D, Harden D, Stolz U:  The Influence of Prehospital Hypotension and Hypoxia on Outcomes in Patients with Major Traumatic Brain Injury.  Prehospital Emergency Care 2013;17(1):106. 

McMullan JT, Jones E, Denninghoff K, Spaite DW, Zaleski E, Silbergleit R.  Degradation of Benzodiazepines after 120 Days of EMS Deployment.  Prehospital Emergency Care 2013;17:1-7.  doi: 10.3109/10903127.2012.722177. 

Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Stolz U, Chikani V, Humble W, Mullins T, Mullins M, Stapczynski JS, Kern K, Ewy GA:  System-wide Regionalization of EMS and Hospital Care for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest:  Association with Improved Survival and Neurologic Outcomes.  Prehospital Emergency Care 2013;17(1):103. 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Murphy RA, Karamooz M, Silver A, Tobin J, Mullins T, Ewy GA, Bobrow BJ:  Correlations Between CPR Quality Metrics and End-Tidal CO2 in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Prehospital Emergency Care 2013;17(1):107-108. 

Spaite DW, Chikani V, Bobrow BJ, Stolz U, Viscusi C, Adelson PD, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Sherrill D, Denninghoff KR:  Prehospital Glasgow Coma Scale and Risk Stratification in Major Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury:  Association With Mortality and Non-Mortality Outcomes.  Academic Emerg Med. 2013 (In press)

Spaite DW, Chikani V, Bobrow BJ, Stolz U, Sherrill D, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  The Influence of Prehospital Hypotension and Hypoxia on Non-mortality Outcomes in Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury:  Implications for Implementing the EMS TBI Management Guidelines.  Academic Emerg Med. 2013 (In press)

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  The Synergistic Effect of Prehospital Hypotension and Hypoxia in Major Traumatic Brain Injury:  Profound Impact on Mortality.  Academic Emerg Med. 2013 (In press)

Safdar B, Stolz U, Stiell IG, Cone DC, Bobrow B, de Boer M, Dreyer J, Maloney J, Spaite DW:  Gender and Survival In Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA):  Results From The OPALS (Ontario Prehospital Advanced Life Support) Study.  Academic Emerg Med. 2013 (In press)

Helfenbein E, Babaeizadeh S, Daya M, Bobrow B, Barnhart B, Haro G, Spaite D:  Comparison of CPR Quality Metrics Before and After Placement of Advanced Airways in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Circulation (in press)

Conover Z, Kern KB, Silver AE, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, MD, Indik JH:  Does Early Resumption of Chest Compressions After Successful Prehospital Defibrillation Increase the Risk for Early Recurrence of Ventricular Fibrillation?  Circulation (in press)

Indik JH, Conover Z, McGovern M, Silver AE, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Kern KB:  Amplitude-Spectral Area is Associated With Survival from Out-of-Hospital Ventricular Fibrillation Cardiac Arrest.  Circulation (in press)

Dunham A, Karamooz M, Heagerty N, Silver A, Nunez M, McDannold R, Kassel D, Bobrow B, Spaite D. The Accuracy of Prehospital Provider Oxygen Saturation and End-Tidal C02 Documentation in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.  Circulation; in press.

Moon S, Kortuem W, Kisakye M, White B, Shin S, Martinez R, Vadeboncoeur V, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  Disparities in Bystander CPR and Neurologic Outcomes from Cardiac Arrest According to Neighborhood Ethnicity Characteristics in Arizona.  Circulation; in press.

Vadeboncoeur T, Silver A, Murphy RA, Moon S, Tobin J, Venuti M, Karamooz M, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  Use of Real-Time Audiovisual CPR Feedback is Associated With Improved CPR Quality During Patient Transfer From the Scene to the Ambulance in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Circulation; in press.

Bobrow B, Panczyk M, Stolz U, Heagerty N, Dameff C, Tully J, Murphy RA, Vadeboncoeur T, Spaite D:  The Impact of Pre-Arrival Dispatch-Assisted CPR on Bystander CPR Rates, Time to Starting CPR and Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Circulation; in press.

Heagerty N, Nunez M, Chikani V, Stolz U, Karamooz M, Mullins M, Sutter J, Mullins T, Spaite D, Bobrow B. Length of Coma in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Survivors Treated With Mild Therapeutic Hypothermia.  Circulation; in press.

Moon S, Kortuem W, Kisakye M, Karamooz M, Hwang S, White B, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  Analysis of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Location and Public Access Defibrillator Placement in Metro Phoenix, Arizona.  Circulation; in press.

Bobrow B, Panczyk M, Stolz U, Heagearty N, Dameff C, Tully J, Murphy RA, Vadeboncoeur T, Spaite D:  The Impact of Pre-Arrival Dispatch-Assisted CPR on Bystander CPR Rates, Time to Starting CPR and Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Prehospital Emerg Care 2014;18(1):144. 

Roosa JR, Bobrow BJ, Gent L, Ferrer JM, Daya M, Macy DJ, Robb K, Potts J, Spaite DW.  9-1-1 Pre-arrival Telephone CPR Instructions for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest:  A Survey of Public Service Answering Points inthe United States.  Prehospital Emerg Care 2014;18(1):145. 

Bobrow B, Karamooz M, Silver A, Dunham A, Nunez M, McDannold R, Kassel D, Spaite D:  The Accuracy of Prehospital Provider Oxygen Saturation and End-Tidal C02 Documentation in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.  Prehospital Emerg Care 2014;18(1):161. 

Bobrow B, Silver A, Vadeboncoeur T, Venuti M, Tobin J, Smith G, Mullins M, Spaite D:  Chest Compression Quality Declines in the Minutes Preceding Scene Departure in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Prehospital Emerg Care 2014;18(1):156. 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  The “Evidence-Based” Prehospital Blood Pressure Threshold in Major Traumatic Brain Injury:  “Normotension” May Be Hypotension.  Prehospital Emerg Care 2014;18(1):138. 

Stolz U, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Gaither JB, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  Mortality as a Function of Prehospital Systolic Blood Pressure in Major Traumatic Brain Injury:  What is the Optimum Pressure for Survival?  Prehospital Emerg Care 2014;18(1):125.

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  Association Between Lowest Prehospital Systolic Blood Pressure and Mortality in Major Traumatic Brain Injury:  Is There a “Hypotension Threshold”?  Brain Injury (in press). 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Gaither JB, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  Mortality as a Function of Prehospital Systolic Blood Pressure in Major Traumatic Brain Injury:  What is the Optimum Pressure for Survival?  Brain Injury (in press). 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Sotello M, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  The Effect of Prehospital Hypoxia and Hypotension on Outcome in Major Traumatic Brain Injury: A Deadly Combination.  Circulation (in press).

Indik J, Conover Z, McGovern M, Silver A, Spaite D, Bobrow B, Kern K:  Amplitude-Spectral Area of the Ventricular Fibrillation Waveform and Chest Compression Quality in Witnessed and Unwitnessed Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Can We Predict Who Is Unlikely To Survive?  Circulation (in press).

Ewy GA, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sanders AB, Kern KB, Otto CW, Spaite DW.  Epinephrine’s (adrenalin’s) Effectiveness in Patients with Out-of-Hospital Ventricular Fibrillation Arrest is Dependent on its Early Administration.  Circulation (in press).

Bobrow B, Panczyk M, Stolz U, Sotelo M, Vadeboncoeur T, Sutter J, Langlais B, Spaite D:  Statewide Implementation of a Standardized Pre-Arrival Telephone CPR Program is Associated with Increased Bystander CPR and Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Circulation (in press).

McDannold R, Bronnenkant T, Crowe C, Silver A, Spaite D, Stolz U, Bobrow B:  Passive Ventilation During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation inside the Emergency Department.  Circulation (in press).

Langlais B, Panczyk M, Sotelo M, Irisawa T, Ryoo HW, Jaber J, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  Barriers to Effective Bystander CPR in Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Circulation (in press).

Stolz U, Irisawa T, Ryoo HW, Silver A, McDannold R, Jaber J, Bobrow B, Spaite D:  Time in CPR is Significantly Related to CPR Quality and Survival.  Circulation (in press).

Ryoo HW, Chikani V, Mullins M, Vadeboncoeur T, Irisawa T, Spaite D, Bobrow B.  Emergent PCI is Associated with Good Neurologic Outcome after OHCA.  Circulation (in press).

Stolz U, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  Association Between Lowest Prehospital Systolic Blood Pressure and Non-Mortality Outcomes in Major Traumatic Brain Injury:  Is There a “Hypotension” Threshold?  Prehospital Emerg Care. 2015 (in press). 

Langlais B, Panczyk M, Irisawa T, Ryoo HW, Jaber J, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  Barriers to Effective Bystander-Initiated CPR in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Prehospital Emerg Care. 2015 (in press). 

Bobrow B, Panczyk M, Stolz U, Vadeboncoeur T, Sutter J, Langlais B, Spaite D:  Statewide Implementation of a Standardized Pre-Arrival Telephone CPR Program is Associated with Increased Bystander CPR and Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Prehospital Emerg Care. 2015 (in press). 

Stolz U, Irisawa T, Ryoo HW, Silver A, McDannold R, Jaber J, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  Time in CPR is Significantly Related to CPR Quality and Survival.  Prehospital Emerg Care. 2015 (in press). 

Irisawa T, Stolz U, Spaite D, Silver A, Vadeboncoeur T, Bobrow B:  Chest Compression Release Velocity Declines over Time during CPR.  Prehospital Emerg Care. 2015 (in press). 

Bobrow B, Spaite D, Murphy RA, Silver A, McDannold R, Mullins M, Stolz U, Kaufman C.  The Association Between ETC02 and Chest Compression Depth During Prehospital Resuscitation:  ETCO2 Alone is Inadequate to Assess CPR Quality.  Prehospital Emerg Care. 2015 (in press). 

Gaither JB, Chikani V, Spaite DW, Stolz U, Garison S, Smith J, Barnhart B, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Denninghoff K, Bobrow BJ:  Association Between Initial Trauma Center Body Temperature and Mortality from Major Traumatic Brain Injury.  Prehospital Emerg Care. 2015 (in press). 

Conference Proceedings

Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ:  “Regionalization of EMS Care:  Beyond Trauma.”  Presented to the Annual Scientific Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians.  Phoenix, AZ, January 8, 2010.  (Invited) 

Geyer BC, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, Mullins T, Sanders AB, Vadeboncoeur TF, Clark LL, Kern KB, Berg RA, Ewy GA:  The Association between Cardiac Arrest Center Patient Volume and Survival in a Statewide Post-Arrest Care System.  Presented to the Annual Scientific Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians.  Phoenix, AZ, January 8, 2010. 

Cone D, Spaite DW, Hollander J, Adams J:  “Fixing the Emergency Medicine Research Enterprise.”  Presented to the Annual Scientific Assembly of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Phoenix, AZ, June 3, 2010.  (Invited) 

Geyer BC, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, Mullins T, Sanders AB, Vadeboncoeur TF, Clark LL, Kern KB, Berg RA, Ewy GA:  Survival Improves after County-wide Implementation of a Regionalized Post-Arrest Care System.  Presented to the Annual Scientific Assembly of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Phoenix, AZ, June 2-4, 2010. 

Geyer B, Vadeboncoeur T, Sanders A, Buttram S, Clark L, Spaite D, Bobrow B, Kern K. Bypassing Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients to Specialty Centers Results in Improved Survival.  Presented to the Annual Scientific Assembly of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Phoenix, AZ, June 2-4, 2010.  

“The Top EMS Research in the Scientific Literature:  2010”  Presented to the Annual Southwestern Trauma Conference, Tucson, AZ; August 12, 2010.  (Invited) 

Roosa J, Vadeboncoeur T, Geyer B, Spaite DW, Panchal A, Sanders AB, Bobrow BJ, Kern K:  Prevalence of Cardiac Catheterization and Outcomes from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in a Consortium of Cardiac Receiving Centers.  Presented to the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, November 13-14, 2010; Chicago, Illinois. 

Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, Geyer B, Panchal A, Mullins T, Kern K, Sanders AB, Ewy GA:  The Impact of a Statewide, Comprehensive System of Care on Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, November 13-14, 2010; Chicago, Illinois. 

Bobrow BJ, Vadeboncoeur T, Spaite DW, Potts J, Denninghoff K, Chikani V, Brazil P, Ramsey B, Abella B:  The Effectiveness of Ultra-Brief and Brief Educational Videos for Training Lay Responders in Hands-Only™ Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Implications for the Future of Citizen CPR Training.  Presented to the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, November 13-14, 2010; Chicago, Illinois. 

McCarty K, Nichol G, Chikani V, Bunis J, Roosa J, Spaite DW, Mullins M, Bobrow BJ: Early Withdrawal of Post-Arrest Care after Therapeutic Hypothermia in Victims of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, November 13-14, 2010; Chicago, Illinois. 

Panchal A, Stolz U, Spaite DW, Sanders AB, Kern KB, Ewy GA, Bobrow BJ: The Impact of Hands-Only CPR by Bystanders on Survival in Adult Victims of Out-of-Hospital Arrest Caused by Non-cardiac Etiologies.  Presented to the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, November 13-14, 2010; Chicago, Illinois. 

Bobrow BJ, Vadeboncoeur TF, Spaite DW, Potts J, Denninghoff K,  Chikani V, Brazil PR, Ramsey B, Abella B:  Impact of brief or ultra-brief Hands-Only CPR video training on the confidence of lay citizens to perform CPR.  Presented to the European Resuscitation Council Annual Scientific Conference; December 2-4, 2010; Porto, Portugal. 

Crawford S, Venuti M, Mason T, Walka P, Smith G, Mullins M, Silver A, Bobrow B (Presenter:  Spaite DW):  Pre-hospital Chest Compression Quality is Improved with Scenario Based Training and Use of Novel Defibrillator Technology.  Presented to the European Resuscitation Council Annual Scientific Conference; December 2-4, 2010; Porto, Portugal. 

“Implementation of Data Reporting as a Mechanism to Improve Outcomes from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest:  OHCA as a Reportable Disease.  Presented to the Annual Scientific meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians; January 13-15, 2011; Bonita Springs, Florida.  (Invited) 

Bourn S, Stolz U, Gaither J, Denninghoff K, Spaite D:  The relationships between ambulance crew configuration, EMS on-scene interval, procedural performance, and the Rapid Acute Physiology Score (RAPS) in adult EMS patients.  Presented to the Annual Scientific meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians; January 13-15, 2011; Bonita Springs, Florida. 

Bourn S, Spaite D, Stolz U, Beskind D, Gaither J, Denninghoff K:  The Relationship between EMS Response Interval, ALS Interventions, and the Rapid Acute Physiology Score (RAPS) in Adult EMS Patients.  Presented to the Annual Scientific meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians; January 13-15, 2011; Bonita Springs, Florida. 

Geyer BC, Spaite DW, Stolz U, Panchal A, Vadeboncoeur TF, Mullins T, Sanders AB, Mullins MJ, Gallagher J, Ewy GA, Bobrow BJ:  The Impact of a Statewide Comprehensive System of Care on Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Annual Scientific meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians; January 13-15, 2011; Bonita Springs, Florida. 

Crawford S, Venuti M, Mason T, Walka P, Smith G, Mullins M, Silver A, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW:  Prehospital Chest Compression Quality is Improved with Scenario Based Training and Use of Novel Defibrillator Technology.  Presented to the Annual Scientific meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians; January 13-15, 2011; Bonita Springs, Florida. 

Bourn S, Stolz U, Spaite DW:  The Relationship Between the Rapid Acute Physiology Score (RAPS), Prehospital CPAP, and Advanced Life Support Interventions.  Presented to the Annual Scientific meeting of the Western Regional SAEM Meeting in Keystone Colorado, February 24-26, 2011. 

Bourn S, Stolz U, Beskind DL, Spaite DW:  Ambulance Crew Configuration: Associations with Prehospital Management and Clinical Parameters in a Multi-system Analysis of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Annual Scientific meeting of the Western Regional SAEM Meeting, Keystone Colorado, February 24-26, 2011. 

Bourn S, Gaither JB, Stolz U, Spaite DW:  Clinical and Demographic Attributes Among Critically Ill and Injured Patients Receiving Prehospital Intraosseous Infusion: a Multi-system Analysis.  Presented to the Annual Scientific meeting of the Western Regional SAEM Meeting; Keystone, Colorado; February 24-26, 2011. 

Spaite DW, Crawford S, Venuti M, Mason T, Walka P, Smith G, Silver A, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ:  The Impact of Scenario-based Training and Real-time Technology Feedback on CPR Quality and Survival from Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine; Boston, MA; June 2-5, 2011. 

Cudnik MT, Rea TD, Sasson C, Sayre MR, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, McNally B, Denninghoff K, Stolz U:  Hospital Volume and Survival in Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine; Boston, MA; June 2-5, 2011. 

Bourn S, Stolz U, Beskind DI, Spaite DW:  Ambulance Crew Configuration:  Associations With Prehospital Management and Clinical Parameters in a Multi-system Analysis of Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine; Boston, MA; June 2-5, 2011. 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Silver AE, Kaufman CL, Smith G, Venuti M, Mullins M, Bobrow BJ, Ewy G:  The Association Between End-Tidal CO2 and CPR Quality Metrics in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the European Resuscitation Congress; October 14-15, 2011; Valetta, Malta. 

Panchal AR, Vadeboncoeur TF, Stolz U, Spaite DW, Berg RA, Sanders AB, Kern KB, Welch A, Bobrow BJ, Ewy GA:  Ability of Bystanders to Appropriately Provide Rescue Breathing in the Setting of a Chest Compression-Only CPR Campaign for Sudden Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Annual Resuscitation Science Sessions of the American Heart Association.  November 12-13, 2011, Orlando, FL. 

Roosa JR, Spaite DW, Panchal AR, Stolz U, Vadeboncoeur TF, Silver A, Mullins MJ, Kern KB, Bobrow BJ, Ewy GA:  Body Weight-Related Adjustments to Chest Compression Depth by EMS Providers during Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Annual Resuscitation Science Sessions of the American Heart Association.  November 12-13, 2011, Orlando, FL. 

Panchal AR, Vadeboncoeur TF, Stolz U, Roosa JR, Berg RA, Ewy GA, Mullins MJ, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW:  Impact of an AHA Guideline-Based, Statewide Post-Arrest System of Care on Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Annual Resuscitation Science Sessions of the American Heart Association.  November 12-13, 2011, Orlando, FL. 

Roosa JR, McCarty K, Kitamura B, Page R, Dommer PD, Silver A, Panchal AR, LoVecchio F, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ:  CPR Quality in an Urban Teaching Hospital Emergency Department: Are 2010 AHA Guidelines Being Implemented?  Presented to the Annual Resuscitation Science Sessions of the American Heart Association.  November 12-13, 2011, Orlando, FL. 

Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, Stolz U, Panchal AR, Vadeboncoeur TF, Silver A, Pyers K, Venuti M, Smith G, Ewy GA:  Achieving the 2010 AHA Guideline Metrics for CPR Quality is Associated with Improved Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Annual Resuscitation Science Sessions of the American Heart Association.  November 12-13, 2011, Orlando, FL. 

Roosa JR, Spaite DW, Stoltz U, Smith G, Silver A, Tobin J, Venuti M, Bobrow BJ.  The Association Between End-Tidal CO2 and CPR Quality Metrics in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 13, 2012, Tucson, AZ. 

Roosa JR, Spaite DW, Panchal AR, Stolz U, Vadeboncoeur TF, Silver A, Kern KB, Bobrow BJ, Ewy GA.  Body Weight-Related Adjustments to Chest Compression Depth by EMS Providers During Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 13, 2012, Tucson, AZ. 

Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ:  Statewide Implementation of the EMS Traumatic Brain Injury Guidelines:  The Excellence in Prehospital Injury (EPIC) Study.  Presented to the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 13, 2012, Tucson, AZ (invited). 

Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW:  Survival Impact of a Comprehensive System of Care for Out-of Hospital Cardiac Arrest in a Major Metropolitan Fire Department.  Presented to the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 13, 2012, Tucson, AZ (invited). 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sotelo M, Gaither J, Viscusi C, Harden D, Denninghoff KR:  The Association Between Prehospital Glasgow Coma Scale and Trauma Center Outcomes in Victims of Moderate and Severe TBI:  At Statewide Trauma System Analysis.  Presented to the Annual Scientific Congress of the International Brain Injury Association, Edinburgh, Scotland, March 22-24, 2012. 

Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Stolz U, Gaither J, Sherrill D, Viscusi C, Denninghoff KR:  Before-After Cohort Model for Evaluating the Impact of Implementing the Prehospital Guidelines for Severe TBI in a Statewide EMS System:  The EPIC Study.  Presented to the Annual Scientific Congress of the International Brain Injury Association, Edinburgh, Scotland, March 22-24, 2012. 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sotelo M, Gaither JB, Viscusi C, Harden D, Denninghoff KR:  The Association Between Prehospital Glasgow Coma Scale and Trauma Center Outcomes in Victims of Moderate and Severe TBI:  At Statewide Trauma System Analysis.  Presented to the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, May 9-12, 2012. 

Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Denninghoff KR, Gaither J, Viscusi C, Stolz U:  An EMS Agency-Public Health-University Partnership Model for the Human Subjects Approach to Evaluating the Implementation of Prehospital Evidence-Based Guidelines.  Presented to the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, May 9-12, 2012. 

Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ: "Evaluating the Impact of Implementing the EMS Traumatic Brain Injury Guidelines: The EPIC Study."  Presented to the ACEP Scientific Assembly Research Forum.  October 9, 2012, Denver, Colorado (Invited).

McCarty K, Roosa J, Kitamura B, Page R, Roque P, Silver A, Spaite DW, Stolz U, Vadeboncoeur T, Bobrow B:  Ventilation Rates and Tidal Volumes During Emergency Department Cardiac Resuscitation.  Presented to the European Resuscitation Congress, Vienna, Austria, October 18-20, 2012. 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Murphy RA, Karamooz M, Silver A, Tobin J, Mullins T, Ewy GA, Bobrow BJ:  Correlations Between CPR Quality Metrics and End-Tidal CO2 in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the European Resuscitation Congress, Vienna, Austria, October 18-20, 2012. 

Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Stolz U, Chikani V, Humble W, Mullins T, Mullins M, Stapczynski JS, Kern K, Ewy GA:  System-wide Regionalization of EMS and Hospital Care for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest:  Association with Improved Survival and Neurologic Outcomes.  Presented to the European Resuscitation Congress, Vienna, Austria, October 18-20, 2012. 

Stolz U, Murphy RA, Panchal A, Silver A, Vadeboncoeur T, Welch A, Nunez M, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW:  The Effect of CPR Quality on Survival and Neurological Outcome after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Resuscitation Science Symposium, American Heart Association Annual Meeting.  November 3-4, 2012, Los Angeles, California. 

Dameff C, Tully J, Murphy RA, Dunham A, Panczyk M, Stolz U, Tobin J, Karamooz M, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Ewy GA:  The Impact of the AHA Guidelines on Dispatch-Assisted Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.  Resuscitation Science Symposium, American Heart Association Annual Meeting.  November 3-4, 2012, Los Angeles, California. 

Murphy RA, Dunham A, Tully J, Dameff C, Panczyk M, Wasick D, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ: Primary Reasons Bystanders Do Not Perform CPR When Receiving Dispatcher Instructions.  Resuscitation Science Symposium, American Heart Association Annual Meeting.  November 3-4, 2012, Los Angeles, California. 

Vadeboncoeur T, Murphy RA, Tobin J, Venuti M, Spaite DW, Karamooz M, Silver A, Roque P, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ:  The Association of Preshock Pause and Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Resuscitation Science Symposium, American Heart Association Annual Meeting.  November 3-4, 2012, Los Angeles, California. 

Tully J, Dameff C, Murphy RA, Dunham A, Panczyk M, Stolz U, Tobin J, Kotsur B, Karamooz M, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  A Standardized Template for Measuring and Reporting Dispatch Pre-arrival CPR.  Resuscitation Science Symposium, American Heart Association Annual Meeting.  November 3-4, 2012, Los Angeles, California. 

Roosa J, Kitamura B, McCarty K, Page R, Roque P, Silver A, Spaite DW, Stolz U, Vadeboncoeur T, Bobrow BJ:  Does Chest Compression-Only CPR Provide Meaningful Gas Exchange in Humans?  Resuscitation Science Symposium, American Heart Association Annual Meeting.  November 3-4, 2012, Los Angeles, California. 

Spaite DW:  Evaluating the Impact of the EMS TBI Guidelines Across Arizona:  The EPIC Study.  Resuscitation Science Symposium, American Heart Association Annual Meeting.  November 3-4, 2012, Los Angeles, California.  (Invited) 

Murphy RA, Spaite DW, Stolz U, Smith G, Silver A, Karamooz M, Mullins M, Tobin J, Bobrow BJ:  Evaluation of End-Tidal CO2 Levels Before, During, and After Return of Spontaneous Circulation in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 10-12, 2013, Bonita Springs, Florida. 

Spaite DW, Chikani V, Bobrow BJ, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Denninghoff KR, Gaither JB, Viscusi C, Adelson DP, Sherrill D, Harden D, Stolz U:  The Influence of Prehospital Hypotension and Hypoxia on Outcomes in Patients with Major Traumatic Brain Injury.  Presented to the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 10-12, 2013, Bonita Springs, Florida. 

Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Stolz U, Chikani V, Humble W, Mullins T, Mullins M, Stapczynski JS, Kern K, Ewy GA:  System-wide Regionalization of EMS and Hospital Care for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest:  Association with Improved Survival and Neurologic Outcomes.  Presented to the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 10-12, 2013, Bonita Springs, Florida. 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Murphy RA, Karamooz M, Silver A, Tobin J, Mullins T, Ewy GA, Bobrow BJ:  Correlations Between CPR Quality Metrics and End-Tidal CO2 in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 10-12, 2013, Bonita Springs, Florida. 

Spaite DW, Gaither J:  The Intubation/Hyperventilation Paradox:  Balancing the Potential Risks and Benefits of Prehospital Intubation in Traumatic Brain Injury.  Presented to the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 10-12, 2013, Bonita Springs, Florida.  (Invited) 

Spaite DW, Chikani V, Bobrow BJ, Stolz U, Viscusi C, Adelson PD, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Sherrill D, Denninghoff KR:  Prehospital Glasgow Coma Scale and Risk Stratification in Major Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury:  Association With Mortality and Non-Mortality Outcomes.  Presented to the Society for Academic Medicine, May 15-18, 2013, Atlanta, Georgia. 

Spaite DW, Chikani V, Bobrow BJ, Stolz U, Sherrill D, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  The Influence of Prehospital Hypotension and Hypoxia on Non-mortality Outcomes in Moderate and Severe Traumatic Brain Injury:  Implications for Implementing the EMS TBI Management Guidelines.  Presented to the Society for Academic Medicine, May 15-18, 2013, Atlanta, Georgia. 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  The Synergistic Effect of Prehospital Hypotension and Hypoxia in Major Traumatic Brain Injury:  Profound Impact on Mortality.  Presented to the Society for Academic Medicine, May 15-18, 2013, Atlanta, Georgia. 

Safdar B, Stolz U, Stiell IG, Cone DC, Bobrow B, de Boer M, Dreyer J, Maloney J, Spaite DW:  Gender and Survival In Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA):  Results From The OPALS (Ontario Prehospital Advanced Life Support) Study.  Presented to the Society for Academic Medicine, May 15-18, 2013, Atlanta, Georgia. 

Spaite DW:  "The EPIC Study and Controversies in EMS Traumatic Brain Injury Management.”  Petroleum Helicopters International/AirEvac National Medical Directors Annual Meeting.  Wednesday, June 12, 2013; Austin, Texas.  (Invited)

Helfenbein E, Babaeizadeh S, Daya M, Bobrow B, Barnhart B, Haro G, Spaite D:  Comparison of CPR Quality Metrics Before and After Placement of Advanced Airways in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas, November, 16-17, 2013. 

Conover Z, Kern KB, Silver AE, Bobrow BJ, Spaite DW, MD, Indik JH:  Does Early Resumption of Chest Compressions After Successful Prehospital Defibrillation Increase the Risk for Early Recurrence of Ventricular Fibrillation?  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas, November, 16-17, 2013. 

Indik JH, Conover Z, McGovern M, Silver AE, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Kern KB:  Amplitude-Spectral Area is Associated With Survival from Out-of-Hospital Ventricular Fibrillation Cardiac Arrest.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas, November, 16-17, 2013. 

Dunham A, Karamooz M, Heagerty N, Silver A, Nunez M, McDannold R, Kassel D, Bobrow B, Spaite D:  The Accuracy of Prehospital Provider Oxygen Saturation and End-Tidal C02 Documentation in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas, November, 16-17, 2013. 

Moon S, Kortuem W, Kisakye M, White B, Shin S, Martinez R, Vadeboncoeur V, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  Disparities in Bystander CPR and Neurologic Outcomes from Cardiac Arrest According to Neighborhood Ethnicity Characteristics in Arizona.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas, November, 16-17, 2013. 

Vadeboncoeur T, Silver A, Murphy RA, Moon S, Tobin J, Venuti M, Karamooz M, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  Use of Real-Time Audiovisual CPR Feedback is Associated With Improved CPR Quality During Patient Transfer From the Scene to the Ambulance in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas, November, 16-17, 2013. 

Bobrow B, Panczyk M, Stolz U, Heagerty N, Dameff C, Tully J, Murphy RA, Vadeboncoeur T, Spaite D:  The Impact of Pre-Arrival Dispatch-Assisted CPR on Bystander CPR Rates, Time to Starting CPR and Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas, November, 16-17, 2013. 

Heagerty N, Nunez M, Chikani V, Stolz U, Karamooz M, Mullins M, Sutter J, Mullins T, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  Length of Coma in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Survivors Treated With Mild Therapeutic Hypothermia.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas, November, 16-17, 2013. 

Moon S, Kortuem W, Kisakye M, Karamooz M, Hwang S, White B, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  Analysis of Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Location and Public Access Defibrillator Placement in Metro Phoenix, Arizona.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Dallas, Texas, November, 16-17, 2013. 

Bobrow B, Panczyk M, Stolz U, Heagearty N, Dameff C, Tully J, Murphy RA, Vadeboncoeur T, Spaite D:  The Impact of Pre-Arrival Dispatch-Assisted CPR on Bystander CPR Rates, Time to Starting CPR and Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 16-18, 2014, Tucson, Arizona. 

Bobrow B, Karamooz M, Silver A, Dunham A, Nunez M, McDannold R, Kassel D, Spaite D:  The Accuracy of Prehospital Provider Oxygen Saturation and End-Tidal C02 Documentation in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.  Presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 16-18, 2014, Tucson, Arizona. 

Roosa JR, Bobrow BJ, Gent L, Ferrer JM, Daya M, Macy DJ, Robb K, Potts J, Spaite DW.  9-1-1 Pre-arrival Telephone CPR Instructions for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest:  A Survey of Public Service Answering Points in the United States.  Presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 16-18, 2014, Tucson, Arizona. 

Bobrow B, Silver A, Vadeboncoeur T, Venuti M, Tobin J, Smith G, Mullins M, Spaite D:  Chest Compression Quality Declines in the Minutes Preceding Scene Departure in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 16-18, 2014, Tucson, Arizona. 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  The “Evidence-Based” Prehospital Blood Pressure Threshold in Major Traumatic Brain Injury:  “Normotension” May Be Hypotension.  Presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 16-18, 2014, Tucson, Arizona. 

Stolz U, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Gaither JB, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  Mortality as a Function of Prehospital Systolic Blood Pressure in Major Traumatic Brain Injury:  What is the Optimum Pressure for Survival?  Presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 16-18, 2014, Tucson, Arizona. 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  Association Between Lowest Prehospital Systolic Blood Pressure and Mortality in Major Traumatic Brain Injury:  Is There a “Hypotension Threshold”?  Presented to the Annual Scientific Congress of the International Brain Injury Association, San Francisco, California, March 19-22, 2014. 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Gaither JB, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Sotelo M, Barnhart B, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  Mortality as a Function of Prehospital Systolic Blood Pressure in Major Traumatic Brain Injury:  What is the Optimum Pressure for Survival?  Presented to the Annual Scientific Congress of the International Brain Injury Association, San Francisco, California, March 19-22, 2014. 

Bobrow B, Panczyk M, Stolz U, Heagerty N, Dameff C, Tully J, Murphy RA, Vadeboncoeur T, Spaite D:  The Impact of Guideline-Based Protocols and Training on the Provision of Pre-Arrival CPR Instructions and Patient Outcomes at Three 9-1-1 Centers in Arizona.  Presented to the National Association of State EMS Officials Annual Meeting, Cleveland, OH, October 6-10, 2014. 

Spaite DW, Stolz U, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Sotello M, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  The Effect of Prehospital Hypoxia and Hypotension on Outcome in Major Traumatic Brain Injury: A Deadly Combination.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Chicago, Illinois, November, 15, 2014. 

Indik J, Conover Z, McGovern M, Silver A, Spaite D, Bobrow B, Kern K:  Amplitude-Spectral Area of the Ventricular Fibrillation Waveform and Chest Compression Quality in Witnessed and Unwitnessed Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Can We Predict Who Is Unlikely To Survive?  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Chicago, Illinois, November, 15-16, 2014. 

Ewy GA, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sanders AB, Kern KB, Otto CW, Spaite DW.  Epinephrine’s (adrenalin’s) Effectiveness in Patients with Out-of-Hospital Ventricular Fibrillation Arrest is Dependent on its Early Administration.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Chicago, Illinois, November, 15-16, 2014. 

Bobrow B, Panczyk M, Stolz U, Sotelo M, Vadeboncoeur T, Sutter J, Langlais B, Spaite D:  Statewide Implementation of a Standardized Pre-Arrival Telephone CPR Program is Associated with Increased Bystander CPR and Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Chicago, Illinois, November, 15-16, 2014. 

McDannold R, Bronnenkant T, Crowe C, Silver A, Spaite D, Stolz U, Bobrow B:  Passive Ventilation During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation inside the Emergency Department.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Chicago, Illinois, November, 15-16, 2014. 

Langlais B, Panczyk M, Sotelo M, Irisawa T, Ryoo HW, Jaber J, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  Barriers to Effective Bystander CPR in Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Chicago, Illinois, November, 15-16, 2014. 

Stolz U, Irisawa T, Ryoo HW, Silver A, McDannold R, Jaber J, Bobrow B, Spaite D:  Time in CPR is Significantly Related to CPR Quality and Survival.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Chicago, Illinois, November, 15-16, 2014. 

Ryoo HW, Chikani V, Mullins M, Vadeboncoeur T, Irisawa T, Spaite D, Bobrow B.  Emergent PCI is Associated with Good Neurologic Outcome after OHCA.  Presented at the Resuscitation Science Symposium of the American Heart Association, Chicago, Illinois, November, 15-16, 2014. 

Stolz U, Spaite DW, Bobrow BJ, Chikani V, Sherrill D, Barnhart B, Gaither JB, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Mullins T, Humble W, Denninghoff KR:  Association Between Lowest Prehospital Systolic Blood Pressure and Non-Mortality Outcomes in Major Traumatic Brain Injury:  Is There a “Hypotension” Threshold?  Presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 22-24, 2015, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Langlais B, Panczyk M, Irisawa T, Ryoo HW, Jaber J, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  Barriers to Effective Bystander-Initiated CPR in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 22-24, 2015, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Bobrow B, Panczyk M, Stolz U, Vadeboncoeur T, Sutter J, Langlais B, Spaite D:  Statewide Implementation of a Standardized Pre-Arrival Telephone CPR Program is Associated with Increased Bystander CPR and Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.  Presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 22-24, 2015, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Stolz U, Irisawa T, Ryoo HW, Silver A, McDannold R, Jaber J, Spaite D, Bobrow B:  Time in CPR is Significantly Related to CPR Quality and Survival.  Presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 22-24, 2015, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Irisawa T, Stolz U, Spaite D, Silver A, Vadeboncoeur T, Bobrow B:  Chest Compression Release Velocity Declines over Time during CPR.  Presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 22-24, 2015, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Bobrow B, Spaite D, Murphy RA, Silver A, McDannold R, Mullins M, Stolz U, Kaufman C.  The Association Between ETC02 and Chest Compression Depth During Prehospital Resuscitation:  ETCO2 Alone is Inadequate to Assess CPR Quality.  Presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 22-24, 2015, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Gaither JB, Chikani V, Spaite DW, Stolz U, Garison S, Smith J, Barnhart B, Adelson PD, Viscusi C, Denninghoff K, Bobrow BJ:  Association Between Initial Trauma Center Body Temperature and Mortality from Major Traumatic Brain Injury.  Presented to the Annual Meeting of the National Association of EMS Physicians, January 22-24, 2015, New Orleans, Louisiana.